Responsible Purchasing Network

Food Services: Credits & Endnotes


Lead Author: Christina Moretti
Project Director: Chris O'Brien
Editors: Chris O’Brien, Mary Jo Snavely, Dave Tilford
Advisors and Reviewers:  
Roberta Anderson, Food Alliance; Cheryl Baldwin, Green Seal Certification; Sandra Cannon, EcoPurchasing Consultants; Alicia Culver, Green Purchasing Institute; Flora Kohane, Rainforest Alliance; Paul Kuck, Sustainable Foodservice Consulting.
Responsible Purchasing Network © 2007



Aramark- Aramark Higher Education. “A Business and Cultural Acceptance Case for Trayless Dining” July 2008

Bellarby, J. et al. “Cool Farming: Climate Impacts of Agriculture and Mitigating Potential.” Published by Greenpeace. 2008. Available at:

DOE/EIA- Department of Energy and Energy Information Administration. “Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States.” 2007.  Available at
_____2008. A Look at Commercial Buildings in 1995: Characteristics, Energy Consumption, and
Energy Expenditures. November 2008. Available at:

ES-Energy Star. “Best Practices- How to Achieve the Most Efficient Use of Water in Commercial Food Service Facilities.” 2005  Available at: 2005

EPA- US Environmental Protection Agency. Emissions Facts: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle. 2007.  Available at
______2007a. “Frequently Asked Questions.” Accessed on September 26, 2007.
          Available at
______2008a  “Basic Information about Food Scraps.” November 2008.
          Available at:
______2008b  “What is a CAFO” Feb. 2008
          Available at:

EPI- Earth Policy Institute. “Oil and Food: A Rising Security Challenge.”  2005.
          Available at:

FA- Fletcher Allen Health Care. 90% Recovery of Preconsumer Food Discards. Environmental Protection Agency. 1997

FAO- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations “Livestock a major threat to environment. November 2006.  Available at

FS&E. Foodservice Equipment and Supplies.  Amelia Levin “Foodservice Operators Water Conservation: Saving Money Drop by Drop.”

FTRG- Fair Trade Research Group. “One Cup at a Time: Poverty Alleviation and Fair Trade Coffee in Latin America.” Colorado State University. March 2003. Available at:

F&WW- Food and Water Watch. “Fossil Fuels and Green House Gas Emissions from Industrial Agriculture. 2005. Available at

GS- Green Seal. “Green Seal Proposed Environmental Standard for Restaurants and Food Service Operations (GS-46) Background Document” October 2008

Harvie. Jamie Harvie, PE. “Redefining Healthy Food: An Ecological Health Approach to Food Production, Distribution, and Procurement.” The Center for Health Design. 2006

HCWH- Health Care Without Harm. “Position Statement on rBGH.” Accessed in Feb. 2008

IPCC-  International Panel on Climate Change: Physical ScienceBasis, Contribution of Working Group I, J.T. Houghton et al, Cambridge University Press, p. 388. 2001
______2007. “Fourth Assessment Report.” Chapter 8 Agriculture. Working Group III. 2007. Available at:
______2008. “Less Meat, Less Heat” RK Pachauri, Chairman, IPCC, August 2008

Knudson, Willion- “The Organic Food Market.” Product Center Business Innovation in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. 2007.  Available at:

LCSA- Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. Food, Fuel, and Freeways: An Iowa perspective on how far food travels, fuel usage, and greenhouse gas emissions. June 2001

LH - Local Harvest. “Family Farms” 2009.  Available at:

LP - Leanpath. A Short Guide to Food Waste Management Best Practices. 2008  Available at
Mintel Organics. “Market Size and Trends.” WellneessFoodsOnline 2007. Available at

OA- Oxfam America. “Like Machines in the Fields: Workers without Rights in American Agriculture.” March 2004.  Available at:

PI - Pacific Institute, “Bottled Water And Energy: A Pacific Institute Fact Sheet.” No date. Available at  Accessed on September 26, 2007.

RPN- Responsible Purchasing Network. “Guide to Bottled Water Alternatives.”  2008. Available at

Sonesson, Ulf. Environmentally-Friendly Food Processing.  Woodhead Publishing. 2003. Available at:,+C.+2003.+Life+cycle+assessment+of+animal+products&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0
TF- TransFair USA . Annual Report. 2007.  Available at

USDA- US Department of Agriculture. “Organic Farmgate and Wholesale Prices” Economic Research Service.  Available at:  March 24, 2008

USGS. United States Geological Survey. “Pesticides in the Nation’s Streams and Ground Water” 1992-2001. 
Available at

Wallinga, D. 2006a. Playing Chicken—Avoiding Arsenic in Your Meat. Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy. 2006

WDCE- White Dog Community Enterprises.  “Cut it Out: Cost cutting measures that provide more dollars for better food.” 2006. Available at: 2006

WHO. World Health Organization. “Use of antimicrobials outside human medicine and resultant antimicrobial resistance in humans.” 2002.  Available at:

Wie and Shanklin- Suengee Wie, Ph. D. and Carol W. Shankling, Ph.d, RD. “Cost Effective Disposal Methods and Assessment of Waste Generated in Food Service Operations” Foodservice Research “International. 2001