Responsible Purchasing Network

Fleets: Handy Facts

  • There are over 240 million motor vehicles on the road in the U.S. today, nearly 10 million of which are in public and private fleets (BTS, 2006; CTA, 2006a).
  • Cars and light trucks are a significant source of air pollutants that cause smog and unhealthy air conditions in our cities and counties, emitting 1/3 of all nitrogen oxides and half of all carbon monoxide released in the U.S. each year (EPA, 2005).
  • In 2004, U.S., highway vehicles emitted more carbon dioxide emissions than the total national emissions from any country other than China and Russia (EPA, 2006d; Marland, 2006).
  • Over 95% of the fuel used by cars and light trucks is petroleum-based (CTA, 2006b).
  • Based on current trends, U.S. gasoline consumption could increase by 30 percent by 2030 (EIA, 2006).
  • After seven years of driving, a fleet of twenty Priuses will emit 1.3 million pounds less carbon dioxide, 25,000 pounds less carbon monoxide, and 320 pounds less nitrogen oxides than a fleet of twenty Crown Victorias (HEV Cost Calculator).
  • There are over 170,000 gasoline filling stations in the U.S., which dispense over 400 million gallons of fuel each day.
  • The U.S. imports more than 60% of the crude oil consumed, with 25% of that oil coming from OPEC countries (EIA, 2007a; EIA, 2007b).
  • There are over 500,000 hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) on the road in the U.S. today, over half of which are Toyota Prius sedans.
  • In the 2007 model year, twelve light duty HEVs are available from Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Honda, Lexus, Mercury, Saturn, and Toyota that include small and mid-sized cars, sport utility vehicles, and pickup trucks.
  • There are over 5 million flex-fuel cars on the road in the U.S. today, which are capable of running on 85% ethanol (E85) blends.
  • There are just over 1,000 E85 filling stations in the U.S., half of which are located in Minnesota, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin.
  • Twelve states do not have any E85 filling stations.
  • There are over 630 biodiesel fueling stations in the U.S., with Missouri, South and North Carolina, and Texas having more than other states.
  • Only Alaska, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and West Virginia have no biodiesel filling stations.
  • There are over 150,000 natural gas vehicles on the road in the U.S. today.
  • There are over 730 natural gas fueling stations in the U.S., over half of which are available for public use.

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