Responsible Purchasing Network

Computers: Credits & Endnotes


Second Edition Editor: Jonathan Cohen, RPN New Dream

Second Edition Author: Vincent Kitira, RPN New Dream

First Edition Editor: Chris O'Brien, American University

First Edition Authors: Anna Chamberlin, RPN New Dream; Sarah O'Brien, Green Electronics Council; Kelly Panciera, State of Oregon

Responsible Purchasing Network © 2009

The following people provided input to this Guide and helped ensure quality and accuracy. RPN accepts sole responsibility for any errors or omissions. Affiliations listed below were current as of publication and do not imply organizational endorsement of this Guide.

Second Edition Advisors and Reviewers: Kelly Panciera, State of Oregon; Sarah O'Brien, Green Electronics Council

First Edition Advisors and Reviewers: Sandra Cannon, EcoPurchasing Consultants; Scot Case, TerraChoice; Naomi Friedman, Center for a New American Dream


1E / Alliance to Save Energy. “PC Energy Report 2009” March 25, 2009. Available at:


Armour, Stephanie, 2004. “Is Work Giving you Cancer?” USA Today. February 1, 2004. Available at:


BBC 2006. “UN Warning on E-Waste Mountain” BBC News (website) November 27, 2006. Available at:


CA – State of California, 2002. Public Contract Code Section 12400-12404. Available at


______2006, Environmentally Preferable Purchasing, Best Practices Manual. Available at


Clapp, Richard  2006. “Mortality among U.S. employees of a large computer manufacturing company: 1969 – 2001.” Available at


DoE – U.S. Department of Energy, ENERGY STAR Website, General Technical Overview of Power Management. Available at:


EC - Environment Canada, Waste Management, 2006, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. Available at


ES – ENERGY STAR, 2009. “Monitors Product List”, “Desktop Product List”, and “Notebook Product List as of July 06, 2009. Available at,, and


______2007. List of computer products meeting ENERGY STAR 4.0 and list of monitors meeting ENERGY STAR, as of November 28, 2007.

                Available at, and


EPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2009. “Computers.” Available at


______2007a Electronic Waste Management in the United States Approach One Draft Final Report April 2007 Available at


______2007b Electronic Waste Management in the United States Approach Two Draft Final Report April 2007 Available at 


______2006b. “Federal Electronics Challenge.” Available at


______2006c. “First U.S. Voluntary Standard for Computers in Place,” May 10, 2006. Available at 177f410e8a398c0f85257021005643a7/77ee39e2c89abeaf8525716a0057e0e8!OpenDocument.


______2006d. “Promoting and Practicing Environmental Stewardship for Electronic Products,” June 29, 2006. Available at


______2006e. “Useful Facts & Figures.” Available at


______2006f. “What Is the Challenge?” Available at


______2003. “Questions and Answers About Dioxin,” October 2003. Available at


EPEAT - Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool, 2009. Welcome to EPEAT. Available at


______2007. “Environmental Benefits of 2007 EPEAT Purchasing,” Available at


______2006a, About EPEAT. Available at


______2006b, RFPs Citing EPEAT. Available at



EU Official Journal L 037, 13/02/2003 P. 0019 – 0023.


Flynn, Laurie J, 2003. “Love in the Time of Benzene.” The New York Times. November 17, 2003. Available at


GAO - U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2005. “Electronic Waste: Strengthening the Role of the Federal Government in Encouraging Recycling and Reuse,” 21, November 2005. Available at


IARC 1993. Summary and Evaluation Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds, Vol 58, 1993, p.119 (


______1990  Summary and Evaluation: Chromium and Chromium Compounds Vol 49, 1990 p.49  (


INFORM, 2003. European Union (EU) Electrical and Electronic Products Directives, June 2003. Available at


Lipman, Zada, 2002. “A Dirty Dilemma: The Hazardous Waste Trade,” Harvard International Review, Winter 2002: 67-71.


NAS – National Academy of Sciences, 2007 Health Risks from Dioxins and Related Compounds: Evaluation of  the EPA Reassessment National Research Council of the National Academy of Science, Committee on EPA’s Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of TCDD and Related Compounds.


NJIT 1997. Elizabeth McDonnell, "Turning Wastestream Materials into Economic Opportunities," Demanufacturing Partnership Program Newsletter, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Fall 1997, 1.


NRC - Northeast Recycling Council, 2006. Questions & Answers: Procuring Green Computers Teleconference, Jun 20, 2006. Available at


National Safety Council, Electronic Product Recovery and Recycling Baseline Report. Washington, D.C. 2006.

______2003, “Program Assessment for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Environmentally Preferable Products Procurement Program.” Available at


PSI - Product Stewardship Institute, 2003. Purchasing Environmentally Friendly Computers: A Guide for Government Procurement Officials, April 2003. Available at

______ 2006. Electronics Project overview page at


SVTC - Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, 2004. Poison PCs and Toxic TVs. February 10, 2004. Available at


UNEP - United Nations Environmental Program – Division of Early Warning and Assessment, 2005. E-waste, the hidden side of IT equipment's manufacturing and use. Available at

Creative Commons License This work by the Responsible Purchasing Network is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

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